At the University of Southampton our MSc Instrumental Analytical Chemistry masters degree is structured around a solid core comprised of the three main analytical techniques. These comprise: mass spectrometry, NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction.

Modules within this chemistry masters programme make use of a range of learning, teaching and assessment methods based around a core of lectures, practical experimentation, and private research and study.

As well as summative coursework assignments, many modules on this chemistry masters degree will also make use of formative coursework in the form of short reports and presentations. Formative development will be in the form of reflective, peer group and tutor-led exercises – both theoretical and practical.

Group and team working are also a key component of this chemistry masters programme, with some coursework being carried out in groups and the learning results presented to the class. A key theme throughout the programme is that of management of facilities, projects and people, which provides an alternative dimension to learning.

Taught modules on this chemistry masters programme primarily consist of core material and are delivered in the form of lectures, partly with integral small group exercises and practical experimentation, which has a strong individual and hands-on ethic. As a student you will benefit from unhindered access to a dedicated educational instrument-based laboratory.

Senior Lecturer Dr Simon Coles, said of this chemistry masters programme: -This qualification will enable graduates to embark on rewarding managerial and scientific careers both in industry and academia. Around the world, new universities are being established and innovative companies are being launched. They are investing in the latest analytical equipment and will want to recruit people who know how to get the most out of it.-

Find out more about this chemistry masters programme by visiting the University of Southampton’s Chemistry website. The address is www.southampton.ac.uk/chemistry

Find out more about this chemistry masters programme by visiting the University of Southampton’s Chemistry website. The address is www.southampton.ac.uk/chemistry

Akai MPC sounds are gaining a lot of popularity nowadays. These are the very popular and well respected series of electronic musical instruments. Akai MPC sounds was produced by a company of Japan called Akai since 1988. Akai MPC sounds are basically intended for the functioning as drum machine, which is very powerful. Akai MPC sounds are made from the design ideas from the machines like the sequential circuits inc. Linn’s own Linn 9000 and studio 440. It combines a very powerful MIDI sequencer having the ability to sample the sounds of one’s own.

The samples that are latest in the Akai MPC sounds are having powerful features like sampling, interfacing, storage, and the facilities of sound manipulation. These features are helpful in broadening the use of instrument that are beyond just rhythm tracks and drum. There are different models of Akai MPC sounds, which are MPC 60, MPC 3000, MPC 2000, MPC 2000XL, MPC 4000, MPC 2500, MPC 1000 samples, and many more.

The above mentioned models are arranged as per their release dates. MPC 60 is actually a 16 voice polyphonic. This model is very much similar to Linn 9000. MPC 60 was released in 1988. With a 750 KB memory standard, which is expandable to 1.5 MB, this model was the first one of Akai Company. This model is popular for its swing setting and the sequencer is very much powerful as well as flexible. MPC 3000 was the improved version of MPC 60 with the addition of stereo sampling of 16-bit 44.1 kHz. It also had increased memory with 32 voice polyphony and other effects and filters. It was released in 1994.

Then, MPC 2000 was introduced in 1997. It is a 64-track sampler/sequencer. But, this model was discontinued in 2000. This model had a memory of 2 MB and expandable to 32 MB with a sampling of 44.1 kHz. MPC 2000XL was similar to the MPC 2000. It has many new features that include 4 pad bank keys. MPC 4000 was released in 2002. This model was the top of the range flagship product of Akai. It has 16 velocity and pads that are pressure sensitive. Then MPC 2500 was introduced, which is the mid range of Akai MPC sounds with a USB port.

MPC 1000 samples have special features 32 voice stereo sampling with 64-track sequencing. MPC 1000 samples also have pressure sensitive MPC pads.

Author Bio: The author is an expert in the field of Akai MPC sounds. He is also very knowledgeable about MPC 1000 samples. For more information, visit

This editorial is about the Twenty-One different types of medical instruments. HNM Medical publishes editorial describing in detail about surgical procedures and medical instruments such as dilator, pessary, forceps and other medical tools.

Medical Instrument: #3 Knife Handle Alias: Scalpel Used for: This handle will hold the blade in position. Detail Info: Mainly for the 15, 11, 10 knife blades.

Medical Instrument: #7 Knife Handle Used for: For attaching knife blade. Detail Info: Can be used with a blade 15.

Medical Instrument: 10 Blade Alias: Skin Blade Used for: For making skin cuts. Detail Info: Attaches to a #3 Handle.

Medical Instrument: 15 Blade Used for: A blade that has various functions Detail Info: Mainly for #7 or #3.

Medical Instrument: 11 Blade Used for: To cut Detail Info: Is mainly used to cut laparoscopic trocars with surgical instrument sets.

Medical Instrument: Neuro-Spine Surgery Alias: The hockey stick Used for: Dissection

Medical Instrument: Adenoid Curette Used for: Curetting Detail Info: Used during the process of andenoid-ectomies.

Medical Instrument: Alexander Periosteotome Used for: Dissection Detail Info: Mainly found during the chest vascular sets

Medical Instrument: Angled Debakey Used for: To grab Detail Info: Used for a tonsillectomy.

Medical Instrument: AP Suction Alias: Used for suction of the tonsils Used for: Suction

Medical Instrument: Babcock Used for: Grasping Detail Info: For Grasping soft tissue, lymph nodes and bowel tissue.

Medical Instrument: Beaver Blade Handle Used for: Cutting Detail Info: Typically for small orthopedic surgeries such as hand & foot surgery.

Medical Instrument: Rib Shear Used for: Cutting Detail Info: Large bone cutting shear

Medical Instrument: Electrocautery Pencil Alias: Bovie Used for: coagulation Detail Info: In order for it to do its job which is cutting and coagulation of the tissue. It needs to plug into and (ESU) electro surgical unit. The patient will have to have a grounding pad in order for it to work.

Medical Instrument: Breast Template Alias: Cookie Cutter Used for: A template Detail Info: Used for the restoration of nipples during breast procedure.

Medical Instrument: Brun Currette Used for: Curretting bone Detail Info: Available with many cup sizes and varying degrees of angle for the head.

Medical Instrument: Finochietto Used for: To retract Detail Info: Mostly for thoracic surgery, used to spread and retract the rib cage.

Medical Instrument: Sayer Elevator Alias: Butter Knife Used for: Breaking septal or nasal bone.

Medical Instrument: Carmault Used for: Clamp Detail Info: The same size as a peon and larger to the Kelly, it clamps the bowel with its carmault.

Medical Instrument: Cartilage Block Used for: Cutting surface. Detail Info: During the process of rhinoplasty surgery, the cartilage block is used for preparation of the grafts.

Medical Instrument: Cartilage Crusher Used for: To crush Detail Info: During nose surgeries to crush the cartilage for re-implantation.

A “Medical Instruments Part 1” editorial is by Mike Q.

Medical practitioners have recently found that listening to instrumental music have created a strong impact on mind, body and soul. Many people are getting stressed easily due to the current lifestyle and after a day’s hassles, if you settle down to listen to good music it would soothe your tension. Doctors are now increasingly becoming to use music system for treating patients with chronic illness like cardiovascular problem, diabetes and cancer. It is proved by research that when a patient listens to good rhythm of music for 30 minutes daily he can sleep properly without having to use medication. It forms an effective relaxation therapy to heal your wounds and lower the blood pressure rate. Again, it is highly beneficial to patients with migraine who can visibly see the difference in intensity of the headache after hearing music.

Rap beats are quite popular and ideal for any functions and gathering. Adolescents are so fond of the beat system; they often start dancing to the tunes once they hear to their favorite singer or album. Recently surgeons have given music therapy for patients during the surgery and found that the patients are able to relax sooner after the surgical process. It also makes your immunity strong thereby increasing the metabolism of the body. Further, music also has healing power and a person will fell pain only in the brain and hence the therapy is used for healing wounds. It reduces the sense of vomiting and nausea and individuals are shown to recover at fast rate from the illness after hearing to music.

In addition to the countless physical benefits, music also cures one’s mind and develops mental power. It will produce positive energy levels in you and students are highly benefited when they listen to music before taking exams. Survey indicates that students who were allowed to hear music scored higher marks than other students for SAT exam. Any type of working activity will considerably be improved by listening music. Apart from school going students, people of all ages are benefited by hearing stimulating music daily. It would certainly improve cognitive development and reasoning ability. You have several options for hearing music nowadays, since you can download the music album in the mobile phone and plug in to your ears to hear the instrumental music while you are commuting to your office or college. For getting instant energy, listen to your singer in his rap beats of latest songs. You can get plenty of such notes and albums of music online which can be used for relaxing your mind and for getting fresh energy.

Kendrick is a professional writer and publisher. Writes articles on several subjects including music.If you want to learn more about beats, hip hop beats, free beats,instrumental music, rap beats. Please visit our website.

Mariners and other boat navigators today have quite the opportunity to be able to use the marine GPS (global positioning system). With such device, they can detect any foreign targets at sea. But mariners should not solely rely on marine charts. Just in case something goes wrong with the chartplotters, the boat will be in danger to land targets that are not seen by the naked eye from afar. So it’s better to have separate navigation software on board. Navigation software helps in providing ease and safety during travel. These devices are also easily held and read from the start, with the exemption of the marine weather fax.
A compass first and foremost, is needed for determining boat heading. A compass system with compass transducer is ideal for marine navigation. With an equipment like this, you can incorporate lock bearing when auto-piloting to keep the vessel on course. The compass’ digital and analogue display will then show any deviation from locked bearing and the direction to steer to achieve the desired heading. The same equipment may also be fixed to the boat so that it won’t fall off or go missing. You may also purchase packed system that shows not just the boat’s heading but also depth. Another instrument that is need for marine navigation is the analogue rudder angle display. This shows the rudder position as indicated by a pointer. The rudder angle is the determinable space between a ruder and another part of the boat, that affects the overall steering. The recent rudder angle display instruments offer increased expanded indications.
Your navigation software must also consist of vessel speed and wind speed display tools. There is a complete system pack with one Graphic display, DPU (data processing unit), Speed and Depth Pods. Such instrument can also be incorporated with remote control, autopilot tool, and Man Overboard. You can also integrate via the transducer, the wind speed display. Knowing how fast the boat or the wind is, helps in the navigation and pre-cautionary measures. With regards to weather condition, you will also need a maritime weather fax. Such navigational instruments scan and print out real weather charts and satellite images. It provides clear images quietly and fully automatic operation may be provided through a programmable scheduler timer, allowing you to determine the weather the way weather administrators do.

Instrumental Music in Public Worship: History Surrounding the Westminster Assembly

FROM: “INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC IN THE PUBLIC WORSHIP OF THE CHURCH”

By John L. Girardeau (Still Waters Revival Books, [1888] 2000), pp. 132, 133.

Before the Westminster Assembly of Divines undertook the office of preparing a Directory of Worship, the Parliament had authoritatively adopted measures looking to the removal of organs, along with other remains of Popery, from the churches of England. On the 20th of May, 1644, the commissioners from Scotland wrote to the General Assembly of their church and made the following statement among others: “We cannot but admire the good hand of God in the great things done here already, particularly that the covenant, the foundation of the whole work, is taken, Prelacy and the whole train thereof extirpated, the service-book in many places forsaken, plain and powerful preaching set up, many colleges in Cambridge provided with such ministers as are most zealous of the best reformation, altars removed, the communion in some places given at the table with sitting, THE GREAT ORGANS AT PAUL’S AND PETER’S IN WESTMINSTER TAKEN DOWN (emphasis added), images and many other monuments of idolatry defaced and abolished, the Chapel Royal at Whitehall purged and reformed; and all by authority, in a quiet manner, at noon-day, without tumult.”1 So thorough was the work of removing organs that the “Encyclopaedia Britannica” says that “at the Revolution most of the organs in England had been destroyed.”2

When, therefore, the Assembly addressed itself to the task of framing a Directory for Worship, it found itself confronted by a condition of the churches of Great Britain in which the singing of psalms without instrumental accompaniment almost universally prevailed. In prescribing, consequently, the singing of psalms without making any allusion to the restoration of instrumental music, it must, in all fairness, be construed to specify the simple singing of praise as a part of public worship. The question, moreover, is settled by the consideration that had any debate occurred as to the propriety of allowing the use of instrumental music, the Scottish commissioners would have vehemently and uncompromisingly opposed that measure. But Lightfoot, who was a member of the Assembly, in his “Journal of its Proceedings”3 tells us: “This morning we fell upon the Directory for singing of psalms; and, in a short time, we finished it.” He says that the only point upon which the Scottish commissioners had some discussion was the reading of the Psalms line by line.

ENDNOTES:

1. Girardeau cites this quotation from the Acts of Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 1644.

2. Girardeau cites Art., Organ.

3. Girardeau cites Works, Vol. xiii., pp. 343, 344; London, 1825.

For information about the Puritans, including free and discounted Puritan books, Puritan MP3s, Puritan digital downloads, and Puritan videos, as well as the Puritan Hard Drive, please visit Still Waters Revival Books at .

A Rap instrumental is a key part to what Rap is. The instrumental is completely and utterly necessary in every way possible due to the fact the artist raps to the beat itself. Rap without a beat cannot be considered rap. Many different artists and different styles of music have different ways the beat is constructed.

A rap song without a beat cannot be considered rap due to the uniqueness of how the beat is composed. A rap instrumental is simply the beat to the song which allows for other artists to make a remix or cover of that song. Not anyone can make rap instrumentals. You need to know what the artist wants and provide for them tailored for their needs. When you find your own unique sound, you keep reproducing that sound which gains views and popularity. Once you can start continually flooding the rap game with instrumentals, you can start to move up the ladders once an artist of yours gets popular. However, many people dont focus on the beat they rather just listen to their favorite artist spit. Instrumentals are commonly sought after for people to do covers and even remix the beat itself to make it sound like a completely different song or even just chop it up to create a different feel. Music is very universal and can be manipulated for anyones desires.

Commonly, rap instrumentals can be found on music websites for a price or even on common media sites on the internet. Without an instrumental, a rap song would just be lyrics and we would have to try and understand what message they were trying to get across. Without a beat, there is no such thing as rap.

Rap beats include the rapper flowing to the beat which is the same thing as the instrumental. An instrumental can be very hard to create due to the fact that it takes technology prowess and knowledge to compose a unique piece of music that sounds good. You may think that what youre putting together is good; however, there is much competition out there that will trump what you put out. What really gets the attention of artist is the degree of uniqueness within the music they hear. Whatever they chose for their beat means the instrumental spoke to them in a sense. Thats what makes music like this so unique is that the beat for each song can be different in many different aspects. The tempo can be different; there can be different forms of tones and lowered voices and such. The versatility of rap is incredible and makes room for some of the best heartfelt music that can really get a message across.

Music is a great form of communication; it facilitates religious ceremonies, and celebrates victorious battles. Jubal was the inventor of Hebrew musical instruments. The whole Hebrew history and literature are proving that the Hebrews are really committed to cultivate music. We all remember that after the passage of the Red Sea, Moses and his people sang their song of happiness and freedom.

The time of David and Solomon is the golden age of Hebrew music; it is systematically cultivated and it is the main part of training in schools. Hebrew musical instruments are also used in their private life. Among the Hebrew musical instruments, an important place is given to stringed instruments, such as the kinnor – a kind or farp, the nebel a lyre, the sabbeka- a lute. Among the wind instruments, we mention the ugab a syrinx, the qeren a horn, the shophar a trumpet, the hafsoserah a trumpet, the halil a flute, the sumponyah a bagpipe. The Hebrew musical instruments from the percussion category are the toph a drum, the paamon the bells, the tseltselim cymbals, the mennan’im cornets, the shalishim triangles.

Old Hebrew musical instruments
The bells were very important Hebrew musical instruments; they were attached to the hem of the high priest’s ephod. The cornet is named shophar in Hebrew because of its brightness and its clear sound. Cymbals are also very popular Hebrew musical instruments; two pieces of brass, one for each hand, are clashed together to produce a really loud sound. The dulcimer is a Hebrew musical instrument; it is a kind of lute. The flute is composed of a number of pipes; it is common also among other people from Asia.

The harp (kinnor in Hebrew) is the national musical instrument of the Hebrews; the harp was invented by Jubal and is used as accompaniment to Hebrew songs such as praise to God. The horn is not only a Hebrew musical instrument; it is also used metaphorically for strength and honor, as emblems or power. The organ is a wind Hebrew musical instrument, similar to the Pan’s pipe.

The psaltery is another Hebrew musical instrument, a king of lyre, with twelve strings. The tabret is a one-sided drum, a kind of tambourine; the timbrel is also a small drum or a tambourine. Trumpets are a large variety of forms, and are made in different materials. Silver trumpets are specific Hebrew musical instruments, and are used by the highest priests to announce a war or a festival.

One of the best things that a child can do when in the young years is to take a lesson in an instrument. Many kids take piano lessons and they do this because their mom and dad make them do it. Piano lessons are the most popular because it is the easiest to find a teacher for, it has the most practical application and the family usually already has a piano in the home.

However, not all kids want to play the piano. Some would like to learn how to play the guitar. While this is not the most practical, it is reasonably practical and probably second in line to only the piano as the most practical. One way for the parent and the child to both get what they would like in this manner is to let the child take guitar lessons contingent on their continuing their piano lessons. This also makes the child a lot smarter and able to handle a little bit more. They become talented in both the piano and the guitar and they are able to use those skills throughout their life. This will also make learning yet another musical instrument a lot easier in their later teen years if they decided that they wanted to try another instrument for the high school band or something like that.

Finding someone who teaches guitar lessons, especially for children, may seem difficult at first. However, it is usually as easy as going to a local guitar shop and asking them. Often times they will know of people who give lessons and may even have some fliers from people who want to give guitar lessons.

The skills learned in playing the instruments are not the only skills obtained. Discipline and coordination of the hands are other skills that are gained that can translate into many aspects of life. Determination is another skill that can be acquired through early lessons in the piano, guitar or some other instrument. All of these are very applicable to many things in life.

There is no doubt that the parents are the major motivator for children taking lessons in an instrument at a young age. Children often lose interest the first time that they struggle, which is usually in the first lesson or two. However, it is good that the parents help push the child through because they are learning lifelong skills by sticking with something through tough times.

You certainly want to search the Internet when you want to become famous be performing at your local night club or do a performance for your family or friends. The reason for this is that there are numerous instrumental beats that have hooks that you can legally download from the Internet. Here are some of the advantages of downloading instrumental beats that have a book.

A beat can be defined as a lyric or a musical beat that really stand out and also easily be remembered. Essentially, this can be a phrase that is sung or shouted multiple times or the kind of beat that will be repeated again and again. You can purchase both on the Internet.

Most people enjoy transforming the beat into their own Hip Hop or rap song, although you may not be exactly the kind of instrumental beat that you are looking for. You should probably stay away from instrumentals beats that have hooks that also have lyrics. The fact is that an instrumental beat that has lyrics isn’t really an instrumental.

These days, there are constant instrumental beats in many of the best songs. The fact is that most of the best songs also have a hook. This when the tone of the music or the primary beat of the music really stands out or is repeated numerous times. There are numerous websites on the Internet that will sell you instrumental beats that have hooks. You will have to determine the value of these instrumental beats for yourself. However, don’t forget that if it is a beat that is really easy to dance to or really stands out it will probably sell, and sell well.

There are many different advantages to downloading instrumental beats that have hooks. As opposed to regular old instrumentals, instrumental beats will attract more attention because they are more eye-catching than those regular old instrumentals. Also, some of the downloads of instrumental beats are available with full right of usage rights which means that you can use them to legally make a music video and post it on the Internet. It is illegal to use instrumental beats to generate income if you don’t have the rights of usage. In addition, there is a large selection of instrumental beats for you to select from. Regardless if you are interested in country, Hip Hop, or rap music, there are numerous instrumental beats available that can be downloaded from the Internet.

Click here for more information about instrumental beats.